Faculty Directory

Dr. Ramendra Sundar Dey


Our research interest is focused on nanocarbon-based hybrid materials for state-of-the-art energy storage and conversion system for renewable energy generation. We are in progress in developing a hybrid supercapacitor with battery or biofuel cells for clean and self-sustainable energy storage devices, paper-based biofuel cell and electrochemical study of nanoporous materials. Electrochemical fixation of CO2 and N2, metal-air battery and organic battery is our major research interest. We are also interested in developing low-cost biosensing devices.


Research Interest

  • Electroanalytical chemistry
    Electrochemistry of nanomaterials
    Efficient, clean and self-sustainable energy sources for cost-effective and environmentally-friendly technology
    Flexible energy storage devices
    Synthesis and applications of carbon nanostructures focused on reduced graphene oxide and graphene-based functional materials
    In-plane, on-chip micro-supercapacitor
    Hybrid capacitor/nanohybrid capacitor
    Hybrid Supercapacitor-biofuel cell/solar cell/nanogenerator
    Biofuel cell
    Electrochemical CO2 reduction
    Electrochemical sensors, biosensors, DNA biosensors and immunosensors,

Research Highlights

  • Transition-metal atoms and/or heteroatom-doped carbon nanostructures is a crucial alternative to find a nonprecious metal catalyst for electrocatalytic oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Dr. Dey's group herein, for the first time demonstrated the formation of binary (Fe–Mn) active sites in hierarchically porous nanostructure composed of Fe, Mn, and N-doped fish gill derived carbon. The catalyst shows remarkable ORR performance with onset potential (Eonset) of 1.03 V and half-wave potential (E1/2) of 0.89 V, slightly better than commercial Pt/C (Eonset = 1.01 V, E1/2 = 0.88 V) in alkaline medium (pH > 13), which is attributed to the synergistic effect of Fe–Mn dual metal center as evidenced from X-ray absorption spectroscopic study. The homemade rechargeable Zn–air battery with the catalyst is outperforming Pt/C with almost stable charge–discharge voltage plateaus at high current density. The present strategy enriches a route to synthesize low-cost bioinspired electrocatalyst that is comparable to/better than any nonprecious-metal catalysts as well as commercial Pt/C. Reference: Inorg. Chem. 2020, 59, 7, 5194-5205
  • Dr. Ramendra S. Dey and his research team have recently shown that interconnected porous graphene plays a crucial role as supercapacitive material as well as a current collector in developing metal free microsupercapacitor (MSC) because of its unique structure and superior conductivity. Electrochemical reduction followed by use of a laser irradiation method shows advances for the fabrication of the conductive graphene-based robust device. The laser irradiation method is capable of healing the defects with fused interconnected sheets, as a result, high conductivity and improved crystallinity of the laser irradiated graphene (LIG) sample is achieved. The LIG film on a flexible substrate was patterned with the aim to develop an on-chip flexible MSC, which offers a large cell voltage of 10.8 V and 100% retention of the initial capacitance after 100 000 continuous cycles. The array of LIG-MSC was integrated with a commercial solar cell module for hybrid energy harvesting and as a storage device. This study provides an effective strategy to build a metal-free supercapacitor with exceptional cycle life and facilitates progress towards self-sustainable energy in the future. More details: Energy Environ. Sci., 2019,12, 2507-2517 

Project - JRF/SRF

  • Ms. Taniya Purkait

    Email: taniya.rp191621@inst.ac.in

    Reg. No.: 2016-EZ-218 (CSIR-SRF)

    Working Since Sep, 2016
  • Mr. Subhajit Sarkar

    Email: subhajit.rp281824@inst.ac.in

    Reg. No.: Project JRF

    Working Since Aug, 2018

PhD Students

  • Ms.Navpreet

    Email: navpreet.ph17220@inst.ac.in

    Reg. No.: PH17220

    Working Since Jan, 2018
  • Ms. Sakshi

    Email: sakshi.ph19231@inst.ac.in

    Reg. No.: PH19231

    Working Since Jan, 2020
  • Ms. Ashmita Biswas

    Email: ashmita.ph19211@inst.ac.in

    Reg. No.: PH19211

    Working Since Aug, 2019
  • Ms. Manisha

    Email: manisha.ph18204@inst.ac.in

    Reg. No.: PH18204

    Working Since Aug, 2018

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  1. Polymer‐assisted electrophoretic synthesis of N‐doped graphene‐polypyrrole demonstrating oxygen reduction reaction with excellent methanol crossover impact and durability: Ghulam Mohmad, Subhajit Sarkar, Ashmita Biswas, Kingshuk Roy, Ramendra Sundar Dey*, (2020) Chemistry - A European Journal, DOI: 10.1002/chem.202002526: . DOI: DOI: 10.1002/chem.202002526

  2. Revealing the Structural Aspect of Ultrastable Self-Supportive Bifunctional Electrocatalyst for Solar-Driven Water Splitting: Manisha Das, Navpreet Kamboj, Taniya Purkait, Subhajit Sarkar, Ramendra Sundar Dey*, (2020) J. Phys. Chem. C, 124: 13525–13534. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.0c01409

  3. Unravelling the Role of Fe–Mn Binary Active Sites Electrocatalyst for Efficient Oxygen Reduction Reaction and Rechargeable Zn-Air Batteries: Subhajit Sarkar, Ashmita Biswas, Taniya Purkait, Manisha Das, Navpreet Kamboj, Ramendra Sundar Dey*, (2020) Inorganic Chemistry, 59: 5194–5205. DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c00446

  4. Electrochemically customized assembly of a hybrid xerogel material via combined covalent and non-covalent conjugation chemistry: an approach for boosting the cycling performance of pseudocapa: Taniya Purkait, Dimple, Navpreet Kamboj, Manisha Das, Subhajit Sarkar, Abir De Sarkar, Ramendra Sundar Dey*, (2020) Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 8: 6740-6756. DOI: 10.1039/D0TA02477E

  5. The role of exfoliating solvents for control synthesis of few-layer graphene-like nanosheets in energy storage applications: Theoretical and experimental investigation: Taniya Purkait, Raihan Ahammad, Abir De Sarkar, Ramendra Sundar Dey*, (2020) Applied Surface Science, 509: 145375. DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.145375

  6. Universal Approach for Electronically Tuned Transition-Metal-Doped Graphitic Carbon Nitride as a Conductive Electrode Material for Highly Efficient Oxygen Reduction Reaction: Subhajit Sarkar, Navpreet Kamboj, Manisha Das, Taniya Purkait, Ashmita Biswas, Ramendra Sundar Dey*, (2020) Inorganic Chemistry, 59: 1332-1339. DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b03042

  7. Facile one step synthesis of Cu-g-C3N4 electrocatalyst realized oxygen reduction reaction with excellent methanol crossover impact and durability: Subhajit Sarkar, S.S. Sumukh, Kingshuk Roy, Navpreet Kamboj, Taniya Purkait, Manisha Das, Ramendra Sundar Dey*, (2019) Journal of Colloid And Interface Science, 558: 182–189.. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2019.09.107

  8. Single-phase Ni5P4-Copper foam superhydrophilic and aerophobiccore-shell nanostructures for efficient hydrogen evolution reaction: Manisha Das, Nityasagar Jena, Taniya Purkait, Navpreet Kamboj, Abir De Sarkar, Ramendra Sundar Dey*, (2019) Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 10.1039/C9TA06729A: . DOI: 10.1039/C9TA06729A

  9. Ultralong cycle life and outstanding capacitive performance of 10.8 V metal-free micro-supercapacitor with highly conducting and robust laser-irradiated graphene for integrated storage device: Navpreet Kamboj, Taniya Purkait, Manisha Das, Subhajit Sarkar, Kiran Shankar Hazra, Ramendra Sundar Dey*, (2019) Energy & Environmental Science, 12: 2507-2517. DOI: 10.1039/C9EE01458F

  10. Three-dimensional for electrochemical detection of Cadmium in Klebsiella study the influence of Cadmium uptake in rice plant: Soumik Mitra, Taniya Purkait, Krishnendu Pramanik, Tushar Kanti Maiti,* Ramendra Sundar Dey*, (2019) Materials Science & Engineering C, 103: 109802.. DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2019.109802

  11. All-porous heterostructure of reduced graphene oxidepolypyrrole-nanoporous gold for planar flexible supercapacitor showing outstanding volumetric capacitance and energy density: Taniya Purkait, Guneet Singh, Navpreet Kamboj, Manisha Das, Ramendra Sundar Dey*, (2018) J. Mater. Chem. A, 6: 22858 - 22869.. DOI: 10.1039/C8TA07627H

  12. High-performance flexible supercapacitors based on electrochemically tailored three-dimensional reduced graphene oxide networks: Taniya Purkait, Guneet Singh, Dinesh Kumar, Mandeep Singh, Ramendra Sundar Dey*, (2018) Sci. Rep., 8: 640. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-18593-3

  13. Characterization of Cd-resistant Klebsiella michiganensis MCC3089 and its potential for rice seedling growth promotion under Cd stress: Soumik Mitra, Krishnendu Pramanik, Pallab Ghosh, Tithi Soren, Anumita Sarkar, Ramendra Sundar Dey, Sanjeev Pandey, Tushar Kanti Maiti*, (2018) Microbiological Research, 210: 12-25. DOI: 10.1016/j.micres.2018.03.003

  14. One-step coelectrodeposition-assisted layer- by-layer assembly of gold nanoparticles and reduced graphene oxide and its self-healing three-dimensional nanohybrid for an ultrasensitive DNA sen: Jayakumar Kumarasamy, María Belén Camarada, Dharuman Venkatraman,* Huangxian Ju, Ramendra Sundar Dey*, Yangping Wen*, (2017) Nanoscale, 10: 1196-1206. DOI: 10.1039/C7NR06952A

  15. Large area few-layered graphene with scalable preparation from waste biomass for high-performance supercapacitor: Taniya Purkait , Guneet Singh , Mandeep Singh , Dinesh Kumar, Ramendra Sundar Dey*, (2017) Sci Rep., 7: 615239. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-15463-w

  16. Functional Materials for Energy and Environment: Progress and Perspective.: Kalisadhan Mukherjee, Ramendra Sundar Dey, Chandi Charan Malakar,Biplab Paul, (2017) Energy Environ. Focus, 6: 49–51.. DOI: 10.1166/eef.2017.1244

  17. Carbonaceous materials for next-generation flexible supercapacitors: Dinesh Kumar., (2016) Rev. Adv. Sci. Eng., 5: 32-50.2. DOI: 10.1166/rase.2016.1106

  18. Editorial: A Special Issue on Materials for Chemical Sensing and Renewable Energy: Kalisadhan Mukherjee,Qijin Chi, (2016) Rev. Adv. Sci. Eng, 5: 1-3. DOI: 10.1166/rase.2016.1110

  19. Approaching the theoretical capacitance of graphene through copper foam integrated three-dimensional graphene networks: Ramendra Sundar Dey, Hans A. Hjuler, Qijin Chi, (2015) Journal of Material Chemistry A, 3: 6324-6329. DOI: 10.1039/C5TA01112D

  20. Enzyme-integrated Cholesterol Biosensing Scaffold Based on in situ Synthesized Reduced Graphene Oxide and Dendritic Pd Nanostructure: Ramendra Sundar Dey, C. R. Raj, (2014) Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 62: 357-364. DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2014.06.063

  21. A hybrid functional nanoscaffold based on reduced graphene oxide–ZnO for the development of an amperometric biosensing platform: Ramendra Sundar Dey, C. Retna Raj, (2013) RSC Advances, 3: 25858-25864. DOI: 10.1039/C3RA43773F

  22. Redox Functionalized Graphene Oxide Architecture for the Development of Amperometric Biosensing Platform: Ramendra Sundar Dey, C. Retna Raj, (2013) ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 5: 4791-4798. DOI: 10.1021/am400280u

  23. Nanomaterial-based functional scaffolds for amperometric sensing of bioanalytes: Ramendra Sundar Dey, Raj Kumar Bera, C. R. Raj, (2013) Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 405: 3431-3448. DOI: 10.1007/s00216-012-6606-2

  24. Electrochemistry of surface wired cytochrome c and bioelectrocatalytic sensing of superoxide: Susmita Behera, Ramendra Sundar Dey, Manas Kumar Rana, C. Retna Raj, (2013) Journal of Chemical Sciences, 125: 275-282. DOI: 10.1007/s12039-013-0379-9

  25. A rapid room temperature chemical route for the synthesis of graphene, metal-mediated reduction of graphene oxide: Ramendra Sundar Dey, Saumen Hajra, R. K. Sahu, C. Retna Raj, M. K. Panigrahi, (2012) Chemical Communications, 48: 1787-1789. DOI: 10.1039/C2CC16031E

  26. Polyelectrolyte-Functionalized Gold Nanoparticle Scaffold for the Sensing of Heparin and Protamine in Serum: Ramendra Sundar Dey, C. Retna Raj, (2012) Chemistry: an Asian Journal, 7: 417-424. DOI: 10.1002/asia.201100686

  27. Flow injection amperometric sensing of uric acid and ascorbic acid using the self-assembly of heterocyclic thiol on Au electrode: Ramendra Sundar Dey, Susmita Gupta, Rupankar Paira, Shen-Ming Chen, C. Retna Raj, (2012) Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 16: 173-178. DOI: 10.1007/s10008-011-1311-1

  28. Development of Amperometric Cholesterol Biosensor Based on Graphene-Pt Nanoparticle Hybrid Material: Ramendra Sundar Dey, C. Retna Raj, (2010) Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 114: 21427-21433. DOI: 10.1021/jp105895a

  29. Electrochemically Derived Redox Molecular Architecture-A Novel Electrochemical Interface for Voltammetric Sensing.: Ramendra Sundar Dey, Susmita Gupta, Rupankar Paira, C. Retna Raj, (2010) ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2: 1355-1360. DOI: 10.1021/am1000213

  30. Bioanalytical Applications of Au Nanoparticles.Bikash: . Bikash K. Jena, Sourov Ghosh, Rajkumar Bera, Ramendra S. Dey, Ashok K. Das, C. Retna Raj, (2010) Recent Patents on Nanotechnology, 4: 41-52. DOI: 10.2174/187221010790712075

  1. Carbonaceous Materials and Future Energy: Clean and Renewable Energy Sources,: Ramendra Sundar Dey, Taniya Purkait, Navpreet Kamboj, Manisha Das, Taylor & Francis Group, (2019) CRC Press, ISBN 9780815347880. DOI: 10.1201/9781351120784

  2. Architecture and Applications of Functional Three-dimensional Graphene Networks in Graphene Materials: Ramendra Sundar Dey and Qijin Chi, (2015) Fundamentals and Emerging Applications, 1: 67-99.

  3. Development of Biosensors from Polymer Graphene Composites in Graphene-Based Polymer Nanocomposites in Electronics: Springer, Germany,Ramendra Sundar Dey, (2015) Electronics, 1: 277.

  1. Disposable cholesterol biosensor based on redox mediator functionalized graphene oxide nanoarchitecture and the preparation thereof: Ramendra Sundar Dey, C. Retna Raj, (2014) Indian Pat. Appl, IN 2013KO00563 A, 20141121.


  • New class of flexibTowards the development of hybrid supercapacitor-biofuel cell technology and devicesle solid-state supercapacitor from nano-engineered carbonaceous materials 5 years, DST/INSPIRE
    Funding Amount: 35 L
    PI: Dr. Ramendra Sundar Dey
  • New class of flexible solid-state supercapacitor from nano-engineered carbonaceous materials 3 years, DST/SERB/EMR
    Funding Amount: 28 L
    PI: Dr. Ramendra Sundar Dey

  • 2013

    Ph.D. in Chemistry

    Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

  • 2007

    M. Sc. in Chemistry

    The University of Burdwan

  • 2005

    B. Sc. in Chemistry (Hons.)

    The University of Burdwan

  • Scientist C:Institute of Nano Science & Technology,, Mohali, India (January 2019 to Present till date )

  • Scientist-B:Institute of Nano Science & Technology,, Mohali, India. (July 2015 to January 2019 )

  • Postdoctoral research:H. C. Ørsted Postdoc fellow, Technical University of Denmark (DTU),, Denmark (April 2013 to March 2015 )

  • Research chemist:TCG Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd.,, Kolkata (April 2007 to April 2008 )

Awards & Honours

  • Selected for Journal of Materials Chemistry A Emerging Investigator 2019.

  • INSPIRE Faculty fellowship award 2015.

  • H. C. Ørsted and Marie Sk?odowska-Curie COFUND Postdoc fellowship, 2013 from DTU, Denmark.

  • Guest Editor: A special issue entitled ‘Materials for chemical sensing and renewable energy: Recent trends’ in ‘Reviews in Advanced Sciences and Engineering’, American Scientific Publishers, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2016.

  • Member: International Society of Electrochemistry (Member ID: 13302).

  • Life member: Indian Society of Electroanalytical Chemistry (Member ID: LM184).

  • Member of ACS (American Chemical Society).

Professional Recognitions